Using k-means clustering on all seven variables, experiment with different values of k. Recommend a value of k and describe these k clusters according to their “average” characteristics.
Case Problem: Know Thy Customer
Know Thy Customer (KTC) is a financial consulting company that provides personalized financial advice to its clients. As a basis for developing this tailored advising, KTC would like to segment its customers into several representative groups based on key characteristics.
Peyton Avery, the director of KTC’s fledging analytics division, plans to establish the set of representative customer profiles based on 600 customer records in the file KnowThyCustomer. Each customer record contains data on age, gender, annual income, marital status, number of children, whether the customer has a car loan, and whether the customer has a home mortgage. KTC’s market research staff has determined that these seven characteristics should form the basis of the customer clustering.
Peyton has invited a summer intern, Danny Riles, into her office so they can discuss how to proceed. As they review the data on the computer screen, Peyton’s brow furrows as she realizes that sis task may not be trivial. The data contains both categorical variables (Female, Married, Car, Mortgage), and interval variables (Age, Income, and Children).
Playing the role of Peyton, you must write a report documenting the construction of the representative customer profiles. Because Peyton would like to use this report as a training reference for interns such as Danny, your report should experiment with several approaches and explain the strengths and weaknesses of each. In particular, your report should include the following analyses:
Using k-means clustering on all seven variables, experiment with different values of k. Recommend a value of k and describe these k clusters according to their “average” characteristics. Why might k-means clustering not be a good method to use for these seven variables?
Using hierarchical clustering all seven variables, experiment with using complete linkage and group average linkage as the clustering method. Recommend a set of customer profiles (clusters). Describe these clusters according to their “average” characteristics. Why might hierarchical clustering not be a good method to use for these seven variables?
Apply a two-step clustering method:
Apply hierarchical clustering on the binary variables Female, Married, Car, and Mortgage to recommend a set of clusters. Using Matching Coefficients as the similarity measure and group average linage as the clustering method.
Based on the clusters from part (a), split the original 600 observations into m separate data sets, where m is the number of clusters recommended from part (a). For each of these m data set, apply 2-means clustering using Age, Income, and Children as variables. This will generate a total of 2m clusters. Describe these 2m clusters according to their “average” characteristics.
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