I want 300 words of essay The topic is Caring of patient with intra iortic ballon pump(IABP).please do not use any of this wording as followsit has to be different from the one I pasted here.DO NOT REPEAT
THE SAME TO another 300 words.I will upload feww of resources.then use 300 words of nursing care which is not mentioned here.
Again do not use any od these words as it is the criteria for this essay.
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a circulatory assist device that is mainly used in patients with a low cardiac output to decrease myocardial oxygen demand
(Currey & Graan 2012). This response will discuss the principles of IABP therapy the indications for use as well as nursing care and management.
Please see uploaded resourcesif ytou want need citation every idea and references too.Otherwise you are not meeting the criteria and I wont be accepting the work
The aim of IABP counterpulsation is to increase diastolic blood pressure and coronary artery perfusion whilst decreasing myocardial oxygen demand and left ventricular
after load. As a result of this mean arterial pressure may improve as well as organ perfusion (Ihdayhid Chopra & Rankin 2014). The balloon is inflated with helium
during the diastole phase of the cardiac cycle and deflated just before systole. The inflation of the balloon initiates a rise in mean arterial pressure during
diastole which improves blood flow to the coronary arteries. The balloon remains inflated during diastole and then must be rapidly deflated prior to systole in order
to enable emptying of the left ventricle (Currey & Graan 2012). The IAB inflation and deflation can be timed through a trigger that can predict the opening and closing
of the aortic valve. The electrocardiogram (ECG) trigger is preferred as the R wave is the most accurate reference of the onset of ventricular systole and the opening
of the aortic valve (Lewis Ward & Courtney 2009).
The IABP was first developed to treat patients in cardiogenic shock but as a result of continued research availability of the technology and ease of catheter
insertion the indications for use has increased (Reid and Cottrell 2005). IABP counterpulsation is used prophylactically in patients under going high-risk coronary
artery bypass graft surgery with low cardiac output and left ventricular dysfunction (Ihdayhid Chopra & Rankin 2014). The IABP is often inserted preoperatively and
supports the patient haemodynamically during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. As well as this IABP is often utilised in patients undergoing procedures such as
angiography and before and after heart transplantation (Reid & Cottrell 2005). IABP is often used to treat patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction
(without shock) or unstable angina in order to relieve myocardial ischaemia (Reid & Cottrell 2005).
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